12 January 2016

Cross Street, Hove


Judy Middleton (2001 revised 2017)

In the early years the street was notable for the number of men living there who were connected with the brick-making industry. For instance, in 1841 there were Thomas Martin, 45, William Jenner, 25, Thomas Baxter, 61 and James Clayton who were all brick-makers while William Lock, 30, was a brick-layer. In 1851 brick-maker Edward Wyld, 35,lived at number 2 and brick-maker James Private, 24, lived at number 5; Timothy Minal, brick-layer’s labourer, lived at number 6; Peter (?Coalles) and Thomas Turner, both brick-layers, lived at number 7; Alfred Strange, bricklayer’s labourer, lived at number 8; George Carpenter, brick-layer, lived at number 16 and John Shearing, labourer in a brick-yard, lived at number 21.

In 1861 the following men were brick-layers, George Carpenter, 48, at number 4; James Turner, 61, at number 6; Charles Goble, 58, at number 7; Alfred Jordan, 54, at number 8 and Edward Virgo, 61, at number 12. 

Copyright © J.Middleton
 Cross Street 

The 1841 census also carried the interesting information that two women earned their living as chairwomen. Did it really mean they pushed or pulled invalid carriages or bath chairs along the seafront or did it mean they hired them out?
 
Henry Porter states that the unfortunate Celia Holloway had lodgings in Cross Street but there is no mention of this in Rupert Taylor’s Murders of Old Sussex. He says she lodged at 4 Cavendish Place, Brighton. According to Porter it was from her lodgings in Cross Street that Celia was enticed away in 1831 by her husband to visit his lodgings in Donkey Row, Brighton, where he killed her. He dismembered her body, the head was put in a cupboard under the stairs in Donkey Row, the trunk was discovered in Lover’s Walk, Preston and her limbs were dumped in a cesspool. Holloway had been forced to marry Celia after seducing her and making her pregnant but he soon found a new girlfriend who was pretty whereas poor Celia was only 4 feet 3 inches in height with a large head and long arms. Holloway was found guilty of her murder and hanged.

Copyright © Royal Pavilion & Museums, Brighton & Hove
Engraving by J Parez, 1831. Shows John Holloway and his lover, Anne Kennett, outside of the Hare and Hounds pub. They are on the way to Lover's Walk to dispose of Holloway's wife, Celia, who was murdered by her husband. 
The crime is popular know as Brighton's first trunk murder.

John Richard Penderell lived at 21 Cross Street, the home of Owen Funnell, a house decorator. Penderell died there aged 80 in September 1883. He had been Viscount Gage’s butler at Firle Place and he later worked at Stanmer for the Countess of Chichester. He was a descendent of Trusty Dick Penderell who helped to conceal King Charles II in the famous Boscobel Oak after his defeat at the battle of Worcester in 1651.

Coachman’s Arms

In 1848 John Clayton, brick-maker, lived at number 22. Then in 1867 J Lewry, beer retailer, occupied the premises and he stayed until 1880. It did not become known as the Coachman’s Arms until 1881, the same year in which G Brown took over. But he only stayed until 1885. 

From 1886 to 1898 the Directories record that E Prevett was in charge. However, the 1891 census makes clear this was a not a man but Sussex-born spinster Emily Prevett aged 42 and she lived with her 17-year old servant Emily Stanford, a 41-year old groom, coachman John Henry Keeps plus three boarders, a footman, a greengrocer and a jobbing labourer. In 1891 E Funnell produced plans on behalf of brewers Ashby & Co for alterations to the pub. In 1900 Ernest Foord was noted as the beer retailer but after that year the pub or beer shop was not mentioned again and by 1905 number 22 had become dining rooms.

There was another beer retailer in Cross Street for a while and a woman also ran it. This beer house was located at number 15 and widow Janet Troubridge, 59, was in charge. She lived on the premises with her daughters Isobel Janet, 32, Ethel Mary Jane, 29, and Fanny Maria, the latter two being dressmakers.

Copyright © J.Middleton 2012
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